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Performance

To get an early sense of what ReJSON is capable of, you can test it with redis-benchmark just like any other Redis command. However, in order to have more control over the tests, we'll use a a tool written in Go called ReJSONBenchmark that we expect to release in the near future.

The following figures were obtained from an AWS EC2 c4.8xlarge instance that ran both the Redis server as well the as the benchmarking tool. Connections to the server are via the networking stack. All tests are non-pipelined.

NOTE: The results below are measured using the preview version of ReJSON, which is still very much unoptimized.

ReJSON baseline

A smallish object

We test a JSON value that, while purely synthetic, is interesting. The test subject is /test/files/pass-100.json, who weighs in at 380 bytes and is nested. We first test SETting it, then GETting it using several different paths:

ReJSONBenchmark pass-100.json

ReJSONBenchmark pass-100.json percentiles

A bigger array

Moving on to bigger values, we use the 1.4 kB array in /test/files/pass-jsonsl-1.json:

ReJSONBenchmark pass-jsonsl-1.json

ReJSONBenchmark pass-jsonsl-1.json percentiles

A largish object

More of the same to wrap up, now we'll take on a behemoth of no less than 3.5 kB as given by /test/files/pass-json-parser-0000.json:

ReJSONBenchmark pass-json-parser-0000.json

ReJSONBenchmark pass-json-parser-0000.json percentiles

Number operations

Last but not least, some adding and multiplying:

ReJSONBenchmark number operations

ReJSONBenchmark number operations percentiles

Baseline

To establish a baseline, we'll use the Redis PING command. First, lets see what redis-benchmark reports:

~$ redis/src/redis-benchmark -n 1000000 ping
====== ping ======
  1000000 requests completed in 7.11 seconds
  50 parallel clients
  3 bytes payload
  keep alive: 1

99.99% <= 1 milliseconds
100.00% <= 1 milliseconds
140587.66 requests per second

ReJSONBenchmark's concurrency is configurable, so we'll test a few settings to find a good one. Here are the results, which indicate that 16 workers yield the best throughput:

ReJSONBenchmark PING

ReJSONBenchmark PING percentiles

Note how our benchmarking tool does slightly worse in PINGing - producing only 116K ops, compared to redis-cli's 140K.

The empty string

Another ReJSON benchmark is that of setting and getting an empty string - a value that's only two bytes long (i.e. ""). Granted, that's not very useful, but it teaches us something about the basic performance of the module:

ReJSONBenchmark empty string

ReJSONBenchmark empty string percentiles

Comparison vs. server-side Lua scripting

We compare ReJSON's performance with Redis' embedded Lua engine. For this purpose, we use the Lua scripts at /benchmarks/lua. These scripts provide ReJSON's GET and SET functionality on values stored in JSON or MessagePack formats. Each of the different operations (set root, get root, set path and get path) is executed with each "engine" on objects of varying sizes.

Setting and getting the root

Storing raw JSON performs best in this test, but that isn't really surprising as all it does is serve unprocessed strings. While you can and should use Redis for caching opaque data, and JSON "blobs" are just one example, this does not allow any updates other than these of the entire value.

A more meaningful comparison therefore is between ReJSON and the MessagePack variant, since both process the incoming JSON value before actually storing it. While the rates and latencies of these two behave in a very similar way, the absolute measurements suggest that ReJSON's performance may be further improved.

VS. Lua set root

VS. Lua set root latency

VS. Lua get root

VS. Lua get root latency

Setting and getting parts of objects

This test shows why ReJSON exists. Not only does it outperform the Lua variants, it retains constant rates and latencies regardless the object's overall size. There's no magic here - ReJSON keeps the value deserialized so that accessing parts of it is a relatively inexpensive operation. In deep contrast are both raw JSON as well as MessagePack, which require decoding the entire object before anything can be done with it (a process that becomes more expensive the larger the object is).

VS. Lua set path to scalar

VS. Lua set path to scalar latency

VS. Lua get scalar from path

VS. Lua get scalar from path latency

Even more charts

These charts are more of the same but independent for each file (value):

VS. Lua pass-100.json rate

VS. Lua pass-100.json average latency

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-1.json rate

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-1.json average latency

VS. Lua pass-json-parser-0000.json rate

VS. Lua pass-json-parser-0000.json latency

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-yahoo2.json rate

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-yahoo2.json latency

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-yelp.json rate

VS. Lua pass-jsonsl-yelp.json latency

Raw results

The following are the raw results from the benchmark in CSV format.

ReJSON results

title,concurrency,rate,average latency,50.00%-tile,90.00%-tile,95.00%-tile,99.00%-tile,99.50%-tile,100.00%-tile
[ping],1,22128.12,0.04,0.04,0.04,0.05,0.05,0.05,1.83
[ping],2,54641.13,0.04,0.03,0.05,0.05,0.06,0.07,2.14
[ping],4,76000.18,0.05,0.05,0.07,0.07,0.09,0.10,2.10
[ping],8,106750.99,0.07,0.07,0.10,0.11,0.14,0.16,2.99
[ping],12,111297.33,0.11,0.10,0.15,0.16,0.20,0.22,6.81
[ping],16,116292.19,0.14,0.13,0.19,0.21,0.27,0.33,7.50
[ping],20,110622.82,0.18,0.17,0.24,0.27,0.38,0.47,12.21
[ping],24,107468.51,0.22,0.20,0.31,0.38,0.58,0.71,13.86
[ping],28,102827.35,0.27,0.25,0.38,0.44,0.66,0.79,12.87
[ping],32,105733.51,0.30,0.28,0.42,0.50,0.79,0.97,10.56
[ping],36,102046.43,0.35,0.33,0.48,0.56,0.90,1.13,14.66
JSON.SET {key} . {empty string size: 2 B},16,80276.63,0.20,0.18,0.28,0.32,0.41,0.45,6.48
JSON.GET {key} .,16,92191.23,0.17,0.16,0.24,0.27,0.34,0.38,9.80
JSON.SET {key} . {pass-100.json size: 380 B},16,41512.77,0.38,0.35,0.50,0.62,0.81,0.86,9.56
JSON.GET {key} .,16,48374.10,0.33,0.29,0.47,0.56,0.72,0.79,9.36
JSON.GET {key} sclr,16,94801.23,0.17,0.15,0.24,0.27,0.35,0.39,13.21
JSON.SET {key} sclr 1,16,82032.08,0.19,0.18,0.27,0.31,0.40,0.44,8.97
JSON.GET {key} sub_doc,16,81633.51,0.19,0.18,0.27,0.32,0.43,0.49,9.88
JSON.GET {key} sub_doc.sclr,16,95052.35,0.17,0.15,0.24,0.27,0.35,0.39,7.39
JSON.GET {key} array_of_docs,16,68223.05,0.23,0.22,0.29,0.31,0.44,0.50,8.84
JSON.GET {key} array_of_docs[1],16,76390.57,0.21,0.19,0.30,0.34,0.44,0.49,9.99
JSON.GET {key} array_of_docs[1].sclr,16,90202.13,0.18,0.16,0.25,0.29,0.36,0.39,7.87
JSON.SET {key} . {pass-jsonsl-1.json size: 1.4 kB},16,16117.11,0.99,0.91,1.22,1.55,2.17,2.35,9.27
JSON.GET {key} .,16,15193.51,1.05,0.94,1.41,1.75,2.33,2.42,7.19
JSON.GET {key} [0],16,78198.90,0.20,0.19,0.29,0.33,0.42,0.47,10.87
"JSON.SET {key} [0] ""foo""",16,80156.90,0.20,0.18,0.28,0.32,0.40,0.44,12.03
JSON.GET {key} [7],16,99013.98,0.16,0.15,0.23,0.26,0.34,0.38,7.67
JSON.GET {key} [8].zero,16,90562.19,0.17,0.16,0.25,0.28,0.35,0.38,7.03
JSON.SET {key} . {pass-json-parser-0000.json size: 3.5 kB},16,14239.25,1.12,1.06,1.21,1.48,2.35,2.59,11.91
JSON.GET {key} .,16,8366.31,1.91,1.86,2.00,2.04,2.92,3.51,12.92
"JSON.GET {key} [""web-app""].servlet",16,9339.90,1.71,1.68,1.74,1.78,2.68,3.26,10.47
"JSON.GET {key} [""web-app""].servlet[0]",16,13374.88,1.19,1.07,1.54,1.95,2.69,2.82,12.15
"JSON.GET {key} [""web-app""].servlet[0][""servlet-name""]",16,81267.36,0.20,0.18,0.28,0.31,0.38,0.42,9.67
"JSON.SET {key} [""web-app""].servlet[0][""servlet-name""] ""bar""",16,79955.04,0.20,0.18,0.27,0.33,0.42,0.46,6.72
JSON.SET {key} . {pass-jsonsl.yahoo2-json size: 18 kB},16,3394.07,4.71,4.62,4.72,4.79,7.35,9.03,17.78
JSON.GET {key} .,16,891.46,17.92,17.33,17.56,20.12,31.77,42.87,66.64
JSON.SET {key} ResultSet.totalResultsAvailable 1,16,75513.03,0.21,0.19,0.30,0.34,0.42,0.46,9.21
JSON.GET {key} ResultSet.totalResultsAvailable,16,91202.84,0.17,0.16,0.24,0.28,0.35,0.38,5.30
JSON.SET {key} . {pass-jsonsl-yelp.json size: 40 kB},16,1624.86,9.84,9.67,9.86,9.94,15.86,19.36,31.94
JSON.GET {key} .,16,442.55,36.08,35.62,37.78,38.14,55.23,81.33,88.40
JSON.SET {key} message.code 1,16,77677.25,0.20,0.19,0.28,0.33,0.42,0.45,11.07
JSON.GET {key} message.code,16,89206.61,0.18,0.16,0.25,0.28,0.36,0.39,8.60
[JSON.SET num . 0],16,84498.21,0.19,0.17,0.26,0.30,0.39,0.43,8.08
[JSON.NUMINCRBY num . 1],16,78640.20,0.20,0.18,0.28,0.33,0.44,0.48,11.05
[JSON.NUMMULTBY num . 2],16,77170.85,0.21,0.19,0.28,0.33,0.43,0.47,6.85

Lua using cjson

json-set-root.lua empty string,16,86817.84,0.18,0.17,0.26,0.31,0.39,0.42,9.36
json-get-root.lua,16,90795.08,0.17,0.16,0.25,0.28,0.36,0.39,8.75
json-set-root.lua pass-100.json,16,84190.26,0.19,0.17,0.27,0.30,0.38,0.41,12.00
json-get-root.lua,16,87170.45,0.18,0.17,0.26,0.29,0.38,0.45,9.81
json-get-path.lua sclr,16,54556.80,0.29,0.28,0.35,0.38,0.57,0.64,7.53
json-set-path.lua sclr 1,16,35907.30,0.44,0.42,0.53,0.67,0.93,1.00,8.57
json-get-path.lua sub_doc,16,51158.84,0.31,0.30,0.36,0.39,0.50,0.62,7.22
json-get-path.lua sub_doc sclr,16,51054.47,0.31,0.29,0.39,0.47,0.66,0.74,7.43
json-get-path.lua array_of_docs,16,39103.77,0.41,0.37,0.57,0.68,0.87,0.94,8.02
json-get-path.lua array_of_docs 1,16,45811.31,0.35,0.32,0.45,0.56,0.77,0.83,8.17
json-get-path.lua array_of_docs 1 sclr,16,47346.83,0.34,0.31,0.44,0.54,0.72,0.79,8.07
json-set-root.lua pass-jsonsl-1.json,16,82100.90,0.19,0.18,0.28,0.31,0.39,0.43,12.43
json-get-root.lua,16,77922.14,0.20,0.18,0.30,0.34,0.66,0.86,8.71
json-get-path.lua 0,16,38162.83,0.42,0.40,0.49,0.59,0.88,0.96,6.16
"json-set-path.lua 0 ""foo""",16,21205.52,0.75,0.70,0.84,1.07,1.60,1.74,5.77
json-get-path.lua 7,16,37254.89,0.43,0.39,0.55,0.69,0.92,0.98,10.24
json-get-path.lua 8 zero,16,33772.43,0.47,0.43,0.63,0.77,1.01,1.09,7.89
json-set-root.lua pass-json-parser-0000.json,16,76314.18,0.21,0.19,0.29,0.33,0.41,0.44,8.16
json-get-root.lua,16,65177.87,0.24,0.21,0.35,0.42,0.89,1.01,9.02
json-get-path.lua web-app servlet,16,15938.62,1.00,0.88,1.45,1.71,2.11,2.20,8.07
json-get-path.lua web-app servlet 0,16,19469.27,0.82,0.78,0.90,1.07,1.67,1.84,7.59
json-get-path.lua web-app servlet 0 servlet-name,16,24694.26,0.65,0.63,0.71,0.74,1.07,1.31,8.60
"json-set-path.lua web-app servlet 0 servlet-name ""bar""",16,16555.74,0.96,0.92,1.05,1.25,1.98,2.20,9.08
json-set-root.lua pass-jsonsl-yahoo2.json,16,47544.65,0.33,0.31,0.41,0.47,0.59,0.64,10.52
json-get-root.lua,16,25369.92,0.63,0.57,0.91,1.05,1.37,1.56,9.95
json-set-path.lua ResultSet totalResultsAvailable 1,16,5077.32,3.15,3.09,3.20,3.24,5.12,6.26,14.98
json-get-path.lua ResultSet totalResultsAvailable,16,7652.56,2.09,2.05,2.13,2.17,3.23,3.95,9.65
json-set-root.lua pass-jsonsl-yelp.json,16,29575.20,0.54,0.52,0.64,0.75,0.94,1.00,12.66
json-get-root.lua,16,18424.29,0.87,0.84,1.25,1.40,1.82,1.95,7.35
json-set-path.lua message code 1,16,2251.07,7.10,6.98,7.14,7.22,11.00,12.79,21.14
json-get-path.lua message code,16,3380.72,4.73,4.44,5.03,6.82,10.28,11.06,14.93

Lua using cmsgpack

msgpack-set-root.lua empty string,16,82592.66,0.19,0.18,0.27,0.31,0.38,0.42,10.18
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,89561.41,0.18,0.16,0.25,0.29,0.37,0.40,9.52
msgpack-set-root.lua pass-100.json,16,44326.47,0.36,0.34,0.43,0.54,0.78,0.86,6.45
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,41036.58,0.39,0.36,0.51,0.62,0.84,0.91,7.21
msgpack-get-path.lua sclr,16,55845.56,0.28,0.26,0.36,0.44,0.64,0.70,11.29
msgpack-set-path.lua sclr 1,16,43608.26,0.37,0.34,0.47,0.58,0.78,0.85,10.27
msgpack-get-path.lua sub_doc,16,50153.07,0.32,0.29,0.41,0.50,0.69,0.75,8.56
msgpack-get-path.lua sub_doc sclr,16,54016.35,0.29,0.27,0.38,0.46,0.62,0.67,6.38
msgpack-get-path.lua array_of_docs,16,45394.79,0.35,0.32,0.45,0.56,0.78,0.85,11.88
msgpack-get-path.lua array_of_docs 1,16,48336.48,0.33,0.30,0.42,0.52,0.71,0.76,7.69
msgpack-get-path.lua array_of_docs 1 sclr,16,53689.41,0.30,0.27,0.38,0.46,0.64,0.69,11.16
msgpack-set-root.lua pass-jsonsl-1.json,16,28956.94,0.55,0.51,0.65,0.82,1.17,1.26,8.39
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,26045.44,0.61,0.58,0.68,0.83,1.28,1.42,8.56
"msgpack-set-path.lua 0 ""foo""",16,29813.56,0.53,0.49,0.67,0.83,1.15,1.22,6.82
msgpack-get-path.lua 0,16,44827.58,0.36,0.32,0.48,0.58,0.76,0.81,9.19
msgpack-get-path.lua 7,16,47529.14,0.33,0.31,0.42,0.53,0.73,0.79,7.47
msgpack-get-path.lua 8 zero,16,44442.72,0.36,0.33,0.45,0.56,0.77,0.85,8.11
msgpack-set-root.lua pass-json-parser-0000.json,16,19585.82,0.81,0.78,0.85,1.05,1.66,1.86,4.33
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,19014.08,0.84,0.73,1.23,1.45,1.76,1.84,13.52
msgpack-get-path.lua web-app servlet,16,18992.61,0.84,0.73,1.23,1.45,1.75,1.82,8.19
msgpack-get-path.lua web-app servlet 0,16,24328.78,0.66,0.64,0.73,0.77,1.15,1.34,8.81
msgpack-get-path.lua web-app servlet 0 servlet-name,16,31012.81,0.51,0.49,0.57,0.65,1.02,1.13,8.11
"msgpack-set-path.lua web-app servlet 0 servlet-name ""bar""",16,20388.54,0.78,0.73,0.88,1.08,1.63,1.78,7.22
msgpack-set-root.lua pass-jsonsl-yahoo2.json,16,5597.60,2.85,2.81,2.89,2.94,4.57,5.59,10.19
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,6585.01,2.43,2.39,2.52,2.66,3.76,4.80,10.59
msgpack-set-path.lua ResultSet totalResultsAvailable 1,16,6666.95,2.40,2.35,2.43,2.47,3.78,4.59,12.08
msgpack-get-path.lua ResultSet totalResultsAvailable,16,10733.03,1.49,1.45,1.60,1.66,2.36,2.93,13.15
msgpack-set-root-lua pass-jsonsl-yelp.json,16,2291.53,6.97,6.87,7.01,7.12,10.54,12.89,21.75
msgpack-get-root.lua,16,2889.59,5.53,5.45,5.71,5.86,8.80,10.48,25.55
msgpack-set-path.lua message code 1,16,2847.85,5.61,5.44,5.56,6.01,10.58,11.90,16.91
msgpack-get-path.lua message code,16,5030.95,3.18,3.07,3.24,3.57,6.08,6.92,12.44