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RedisGraph

RedisGraph is the first queryable Property Graph database to use sparse matrices to represent the adjacency matrix in graphs and linear algebra to query the graph.

Primary features:

  • Based on the Property Graph Model
  • Nodes (vertices) and Relationships (edges) that may have attributes
  • Nodes that can be labeled
  • Relationships have a relationship type
  • Graphs represented as sparse adjacency matrices
  • Cypher as query language
  • Cypher queries translated into linear algebra expressions

To see RedisGraph in action, visit Demos.

Quickstart

  1. Docker
  2. Build
  3. Start
  4. Use from any client

Docker

To quickly try out RedisGraph, launch an instance using docker:

docker run -p 6379:6379 -it --rm redislabs/redisgraph

Give it a try

After you load RedisGraph, you can interact with it using redis-cli.

Here we'll quickly create a small graph representing a subset of motorcycle riders and teams taking part in the MotoGP league. Once created, we'll start querying our data.

With redis-cli

$ redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> GRAPH.QUERY MotoGP "CREATE (:Rider {name:'Valentino Rossi'})-[:rides]->(:Team {name:'Yamaha'}), (:Rider {name:'Dani Pedrosa'})-[:rides]->(:Team {name:'Honda'}), (:Rider {name:'Andrea Dovizioso'})-[:rides]->(:Team {name:'Ducati'})"
1) (empty list or set)
2) 1) Labels added: 2
   2) Nodes created: 6
   3) Properties set: 6
   4) Relationships created: 3
   5) "Query internal execution time: 0.399000 milliseconds"

Now that our MotoGP graph is created, we can start asking questions. For example: Who's riding for team Yamaha?

127.0.0.1:6379> GRAPH.QUERY MotoGP "MATCH (r:Rider)-[:rides]->(t:Team) WHERE t.name = 'Yamaha' RETURN r,t"
1) 1) 1) "r.name"
      2) "t.name"
   2) 1) "Valentino Rossi"
      2) "Yamaha"
2) 1) "Query internal execution time: 0.122000 milliseconds"

How many riders represent team Ducati?

127.0.0.1:6379> GRAPH.QUERY MotoGP "MATCH (r:Rider)-[:rides]->(t:Team {name:'Ducati'}) RETURN count(r)"
1) 1) 1) "count(r)"
   2) 1) "1.000000"
2) 1) "Query internal execution time: 0.129000 milliseconds"

Building

Linux Ubuntu 16.04

Requirements:

  • The RedisGraph repository: git clone https://github.com/RedisLabsModules/RedisGraph.git
  • The build-essential and cmake packages: apt-get install build-essential cmake

To build, run make in the project's directory.

Congratulations! You can find the compiled binary at: src/redisgraph.so

Loading RedisGraph into Redis

RedisGraph is hosted by Redis, so you'll first have to load it as a Module to a Redis server running Redis v4.0 or above.

We recommend having Redis load RedisGraph during startup by adding the following to your redis.conf file:

loadmodule /path/to/module/src/redisgraph.so

In the line above, replace /path/to/module/src/redisgraph.so with the actual path to RedisGraph's library.

Alternatively, you can have Redis load RedisGraph using this command-line argument syntax:

~/$ redis-server --loadmodule /path/to/module/src/redisgraph.so

You can also use the MODULE LOAD command. Note, however, that MODULE LOAD is a dangerous command and may be blocked/deprecated in the future due to security considerations.

After you've successfully loaded RedisGraph, your Redis log should have lines similar to:

...
30707:M 20 Jun 02:08:12.314 * Module 'graph' loaded from <redacted>/src/redisgraph.so
...

Using RedisGraph

Before using RedisGraph, you should familiarize yourself with its commands and syntax as detailed in the commands reference.

You can call RedisGraph's commands from any Redis client.

With redis-cli

$ redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> GRAPH.QUERY social "CREATE (:person {name: 'roi', age: 33, gender: 'male', status: 'married'})"

With any other client

You can interact with RedisGraph using your client's ability to send raw Redis commands. The exact method for doing that depends on your client of choice.

Python example

This code snippet shows how to use RedisGraph with raw Redis commands from Python using redis-py:

import redis

r = redis.StrictRedis()
reply = r.execute_command('GRAPH.QUERY', 'social', "CREATE (:person {name:'roi', age:33, gender:'male', status:'married')")

Client libraries

Some languages have client libraries that provide support for RedisGraph's commands:

Project Language License Author URL
redisgraph-py Python BSD Redis Labs GitHub
JRedisGraph Java BSD Redis Labs GitHub
redisgraph-rb Ruby BSD Redis Labs GitHub
redisgraph-go Go BSD Redis Labs GitHub
redisgraph.js JavaScript BSD Redis Labs GitHub
php-redis-graph PHP MIT KJDev GitHub

License

Apache 2.0 with Commons Clause - see LICENSE